Course curriculum

  • 1

    1: Why Islamic Approach?

    • 1A: Introduction: Relevance of Islamic Approach

    • 1A: Quiz

    • 1B: Purpose: The Heart of an Islamic Approach

    • 1B: Quiz

    • 1C: Difference between Islamic and Western Conceptions of Knowledge

    • 1C: Quiz

    • 1D: Islamic Pedagogical Principles: Engaging Head and Heart

    • 1D: Quiz

    • 1E: SUPPLEMENT: (URDU) Real Statistics: An Islamic Approach

    • 1F: SUPPLEMENT: Comprehensive Review (Optional, Supplements for Teachers)

  • 2

    2: Comparing Numbers

    • 2A: Introduction to Comparing Numbers for a Purpose

    • 2A: Quiz

    • 2B: Arbitrariness of Rankings

    • 2B: Quiz

    • 2C: What Do College Rankings Mean?

    • 2C: Quiz

    • 2D: Goodhart's Law

    • 2D: Quiz

    • 2E: Values Embodied in Choice of Factors and Weights for Rankings

    • 2E: Quiz

    • 2F: The WHY of Global Corruption Rankings

    • 2F: Quiz

  • 3

    3: Life Expectancies

    • 3A: Introduction to Life Expectancies

    • 3A: Quiz

    • 3B: Computing Life Expectancy from Mortality Tables

    • 3C: Analyzing World Bank WDI Data Set on Life Expectancies

    • 3D: Histograms for World Bank Life Expectancy Data

    • 3E Histograms with Varying Bin Sizes

    • 3F Percentage or Probability Histograms

  • 4

    4: Reducing Data to One Number

    • 4A: Why an "Islamic Approach"?

    • 4B Inflation: Reducing Data to ONE Number

    • 4C: The Sensitive Price Index and Inflation

    • 4D: Composite Commodities: Laspayre's and Paasche Indices

    • 4E Big Data: Many Inflations

    • 4F: Inflation as a Macroeconomic Concept, in context of Quantity Theory of Money

    • 4G Quantity Theory of Money: Failure on Australian Data

  • 5

    5: Eugenics and the Creation of Statistics

    • 5A Malthusian Approach to Poverty

    • 5B: Sir Francis Galton: Eugenicist Founder of Statistics

    • 5C: Fisher's Failings and the Foundations of Statistics

    • 5D: Real Statistics: Alternative to Fisher's Approach

    • 5E: Contrasts between Fisher's Approach and Real Statistics: The Case of Inflation

  • 6

    6: Five Quartile Summaries of Stochastic Relationships

    • 6A: Do the Wealthy Have Fewer Children?

    • 6B: Quartiles as Natural Data Summaries

    • 6C Stochastic Relationships

    • 6D Evolution of Distribution of Infant Mortality (IM) across time

    • 6E Comparing Progress of Countries on Infant Mortality

    • 6F Comparisons, Benchmarks, and Confounding Factors

  • 7

    7: Assessing Association Between Two Series

    • 7A Exports & Growth Part 1

    • 7B: Failure of Exports-Led Growth Hypothesis

    • 7C: The Association between Income and Consumption

    • 7D: Testing a Coin for Fairness

    • 7E: Comparing Growth Rates

  • 8

    8: Probabilities, Binomials, and p-values

    • 8A: A New Definition of Probability

    • 8B Rules of Probability

  • 9

    9: Some Applications

    • 8A Assessing the Salk Vaccine for Polic

    • 8B Discovering Causes & Differentiating them from Correlates

    • 8C: Do Cigarettes Cause Cancer?

    • 8D The GNP Illusion

    • 8E Causes of Global Financial Crisis: House of Debt

  • 10

    10: Causal Analysis & Path Diagrams

    • 9A: Common Cause and Correlation